Irom Sharmila: World’s longest hunger strike ends

Irom Sharmila

Indian activist Irom Sharmila has ended her 16-year-long hunger strike against a controversial security law, in order to compete in local elections.

Her campaign, described as the world’s longest hunger strike, had led to her being detained, and forced fed through a tube in her nose for over a decade.

She was held under a law that makes attempting suicide a crime.

The court in northeastern Manipur state granted her bail on Tuesday and asked her to reappear on 23 June.

Ms Sharmila has signed a personal bail bond and is expected to be released from her judicial custody in a local hospital after bail procedures are complete.

She tasted honey to symbolically break her fast in front of journalists in the hospital.

What next for world’s longest hunger striker?

‘Different agitation’

Ms Sharmila told the court in the state capital, Imphal, that she was a “prisoner of conscience” and she wanted to end her fast, be free and fight in local assembly elections.

“I have to change my strategy. Some people are seeing me as a strange woman because I want to join politics. They say politics is a dirty, but so is society. I want to stand in the elections against the government,” she said.

She told reporters she had decided to “try a different [form of] agitation” because “I have been fasting for 16 years and I have not got anything from it yet”.

Ms Sharmila had been protesting against the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), which gives soldiers sweeping powers to arrest without warrants and even shoot to kill in certain situations.

AFSPA is in effect in several Indian states, including in Manipur and Indian-administered Kashmir.

A hunger strike in pictures

Photographer Ian Thomas Jansen-Lonnquist has closely followed MS Sharmila’s journey over the past few years.

Irom Sharmila sits within her room at the Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital in Imphal on December 17, 2013

She started her fast 16 years ago after 10 civilians were killed by Indian soldiers in Manipur.

Inside the room of Irom Sharmila Chanu is force fed a cocktail of medicines mixed with baby formula, through a feeding tube. It's estimated that it costs the government a minimum of $500 a week for her medicine and baby formula alone. December 17, 2013.

She has spent most of the last 16 years in judicial custody in a hospital in Manipur’s capital, Imphal, where she was force-fed a cocktail of medicines and baby formula.

In this picture taken on 19 December 2013, she is guided into the Manipur High Court in Imphal by police guards.

Ms Sharmila was released in August 2014 after the court rejected the charge that she was “attempting to commit suicide”. But she was re-arrested two days later after she refused to end her protest.

MS Chanu arrives from the secure wing of the Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital (JNIMS) in a Imphal police van to appear for her bi weekly hearing at the Manipur High Court in Imphal, Manipur in India's North East, to reaffirm her now 14 year fast against the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, in-front of the court. Every 14th day, Sharmila must reaffirm, in front of the court, her desire to continue her fast, and every 14 days the courts rule that she is attempting to commit suicide and is then remanded to the secure wing of JNIMS. June 13, 2013.

Ms Sharmila appeared in the Manipur High Court every two weeks to reaffirm her protest.

Irom Sharmila Chanu, commonly know as Sharmila or

Her protest has won her worldwide recognition, with Amnesty International describing her as a prisoner of conscience.

Surrounded by local press looking for a comment on the latest politcal upheaval from Irom Sharmila, June 13, 2013.

The activist received considerable attention from local and international media outlets in recent years.

Meira Paibi's local female activists sit in a small shed built to house the supporters of Irom Sharmila, and Sharmila herself when she is released yearly. They sat to symbolically fast for four hours, November 4, 2013.

Ms Sharmila has the support of women and civil rights groups in the state.

The Malom Massacre memorial and the Malom bus stop (left), lay along National Highway 150, and is the site of the killing of 10 civilians by the 8th Assam Rifles an Indian para-military force, after the troops had been attacked the day before in Malom Village. June 22, 2013.

A memorial has been built at the site in Manipur where the 10 civilians were killed by Indian soldiers. The state has a population of about 2.5 million people and a huge force of army, paramilitary and state police are deployed there to fight insurgent groups.

[Source:- BBC]